Security systems are an integral part of building security at a large number of venues nowadays and are installed with the idea of making security more manageable and more thorough. A lot of the time the features might seem unnecessary but in the event of large security breaches they could be the difference between catching a perpetrator and letting them get free.
The specific features of integrated security systems depends on the needs of the customer as well as the technology available to the system provider. The most advanced providers who are working with clients with big security requirements such as prisons might provide security systems with the following features:
– Perimeter intruder detection
– CCTV and Digital Video Recording
– Intruder Alarms
– Panic/Affray Alarms
– Video Content Analysis
– Building Management Systems
– Electronic Locking
– Cell Call
– Fire Alarms
– Public Address System
– Radio Paging
– Staff Safety Systems
– Guard Tour
These features are intended to be present in very high profile buildings and would not be present in the integrated security systems custom made for other buildings. However this gives you some idea as to how advanced security technology is nowadays and exactly how many features the operating system has to integrate in order to achieve results.
The main operating system behind integrated security systems is known as PSIM, or Physical Security Information Management. This is the virtual brain which controls the integrated security systems and which helps human operators to make decisions.
A PSIM platform has six main features which work together to improve the efficiency and standard of a security network:
Firstly, the PSIM platform collects data from all of the individual security features and collates them.
It then analyses the data, events and alarms in order to calculate situation priorities before presenting the information in a simple format for the user to understand and respond to efficiently.
The platform will then provide SOPs (Standard Operating Procedures) which are simple instructions based on best practices, and provides tools to resolve the situation.
The PSIM software will track all procedures and provide a report for the operator or system owner to analyse afterwards.
It provides an audit, tracing how the operator has interacted with the system.
Finally it provides information on any manual changes to the security systems and calculates reaction and response times for each event.
The technology behind integrated security systems is very advanced and requires a whole plethora of different processes being run at the same time to decide whether there is a threat present or not. With a bit of luck, technology such as PSIM will only be used in emergencies, leaving the security staff to analyse and evaluate threats for the majority of the time. Features such as cell call and intercoms are simple features which are not necessarily integral to the integrated security features, but are just as important in improve the security of establishments like prisons.
Integrated security systems have gone a long way to improving security in high-profile buildings like prisons and without them, these places would be much more dangerous.